Maria Rauch-Kallat was a member of the National Assembly from 2003-2007. She was part of the Federal Ministry for Health and Women from 1995-2003, General Secretary from 1992-1995, and Minister of the Environment. From 1987 to 1992 Rauch-Kallat was deputy to the Vienna State Parliament and Member of the Vienna City Council. In 1992 she was Deputy Country Party Chairman of the ÖVP Vienna, with the Austrian women's movement as a central activity area. In 1988 she was National Director, and since 2002 has been the Federal chairwoman of this organizational of unit of the ÖVP. Following 16 years of teaching, Rauch-Kallat was responsible for changes to the Federal Ministry of Education and Art, and also for school pilot projects and the integration of people with disabilities. In addition, from 1983-92 she was CEO of a social relief organization.